O Goshi

Ō goshi (大腰?, major hip throw) is one of the original 40 throws of Judo as compiled by Jigoro Kano. It belongs to the Dai ikkyo (第一教?, first taught group) of the Gokyo-no-waza (五教之技?, five teachings of techniques), of Kodokan Judo. It is also part of the current 67 Throws of Kodokan Judo. It is classified as a koshi-waza (腰技?, hip technique).

O-Goshi.jpg

O-goshi is known to have existed in the Tenjin Shinyō-ryū traditional school (koryū) of jujutsu, which Jigoro Kano studied prior to founding judo. In Tenjin Shinyō-ryū texts, the throw is called koshi-nage (腰投?, hip throw)[2] O-goshi was one of the first throwing techniques to be incorporated into judo and was included in the Dai nikyo (第二教?, second taught group) of the 1895 Gokyo-no-waza.[5] In the revised 1920 Gokyo-no-waza, the throw was moved to the Dai ikkyo (第一教?, first taught group) where it remains. O-goshi is often the first throw taught to a beginner as it is relatively simple to throw a compliant partner with control.

Use in other systems

O-Goshi and similarly applied hip throws are common to all martial arts that have a focus on grappling and throwing. It is named as one of the 20 techniques in Danzan Ryu's Nagete list.

CMAC-Judo 2018